Friday, December 11, 2009

K' inich Janaab' Pakal Mayan Ruler and Ancient Astronaut


K'inich Janaab' Pakal was a Mayan ruler of the Pre-Classic Mayan Civilization. While his 68 years or ruling, Pakal was responsible for the construction or extension of some of Palenque's most notable surviving inscriptions and monumental architecture.

Before his name was deciphered from Maya inscriptions, this ruler has been known by many nicknames and approximations, common ones including Pakal (or Pacal), "Sun Shield", "8 Ahau", and (familiarly) as "Pacal the Great".

Pakal ascended the throne at age 12 on July 29, 615, and lived to the age of 80. The name pakal means "shield" in the Maya language.

When Pakal came into rule, he saw the opportunity of expansion and Palenque's power in the western part of the Maya states. Pakal initiated a building program at his capital that produced some of Maya civilization's finest art and architecture.

The large carved stone sarcophagus lid (above image) in the Temple of Inscriptions is a famous piece of Classic Maya art. The commonly accepted interpretation of the
sarcophagus lid is that Pakal is descending into Xibalba, the Maya underworld. Around the edges of the lid are glyphs that represent the Sun, the Moon, Venus, and various
constellations, locating this (Pakal descending) event in the nighttime sky.

Below him is the Maya water god, who guards the underworld.

Read more about Pakal Here

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